The Montjuïc Area was the most important of the four Olympic Areas earmarked for urban planning for the XXVth Olympiad of Barcelona’92. It extended across the whole of Montjuïc hill on the Barcelona coastline. Divided into two large sub-areas, the northern part encompassed the zone already urbanised for the 1929 Barcelona International Exposition, which included a complex of multi-purpose pavilions located in the Fira de Barcelona trade fair ground, as well as the Palau d’Esports (an indoor sports arena), several gardens and cultural facilities, such as the Poble Espanyol (an open-air architectural museum and recreational complex) and the Teatre Grec (a theatre).
The southern side of the hill was the setting for major events owing to the location of the Estadi Olímpic (Olympic Stadium) and other buildings forming part of the Anella Olímpica (Olympic Ring), such as the Palau Sant Jordi (an indoor sports arena). Good accessibility to the area by public transport meant that the use of private vehicles was restricted to the needs of the organisation only, thus creating a closed complex for the whole area with service zones dotted throughout the park.
Together, all of these actions and facilities created a large recreational area that is still used today. This and the Parc de Mar Area together formed the so-called ‘sea’ Olympic Areas, whereas the La Diagonal and La Vall d’Hebron Areas were known as the ‘mountain’ areas. The investment made in the Montjuïc Area totalled €272 million (45.26 billion Pesetas).